The original festival is the White Nights Festival held in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The white nights is the a name given in areas of high latitude to the weeks around the summer solstice in June during which sunsets are late, sunrises are early and darkness is never complete. In Saint Petersburg, the Sun does not set until after 10 p.m., and the twilight lasts almost all night.
In 2005, Rome's Notte Bianca was held in mid-September, and the guest star was Roberto Benigni. There were similar initiatives in other cities as well. In Naples it first took place at the end of October 2005 with numerous concerts (Baglioni, Pino Daniele, 99 Posse, Almamegretta, Stadio) and theatrical and cultural events. The attendance was twice the population of Naples itself. Other Italian Notte Bianche took place in Genoa, Turin, Reggio Calabria, and Catanzaro.
Undersecretary Francesco Giro Cultural Heritage has launched an idea that probably will report a lost tradition came with the advent of Alemanno, or the White Night. In fact today the Tour said: "Now big plans for the capital Rome. Including, stresses the Secretary, another white night between 19 and 20 September to celebrate the 140 or birthday of Rome Capital.